In the broader sense, landscape means the geographical features of the land. They include landforms such as mountains, hills, water bodies such as rivers, lakes, ponds and the sea, living elements of land cover including indigenous vegetation, human elements including different forms of land use, buildings and structures, and transitory elements such as lighting and weather conditions.
Landscape Design encompasses a large range of outdoor spaces. Whether it is a nature park, a garden, a traffic circle, a terrace or a balcony – the design of the landscape has a powerful visual and aesthetic impact.
In the context of architecture, landscape refers to the physical features of an open area around or within the built form. Landscape design includes the articulation of elements such as grass, rocks, water-bodies (natural or artificial), paved walkways, patios, outdoor furniture, awnings, canopies etc – in gardens, terraces, balconies and decks.
Landscape design is a challenging area of expertise – where the topography, climate, context and budget – together must be manipulated to create suitable landscapes to enhance the architectural design.